Browsing: Military

A Brief History On October 11, 1972, a race riot took place not in a city, but at sea! Digging Deeper From the 1950s on into the 1970s, tensions among American whites and blacks were appallingly high.  While we Americans commemorate Martin Luther King, Jr.’s peaceful efforts at integration with a holiday, the March on Washington and “I have a dream” speech are but part of the story of the long and arguably still ongoing effort at promoting racial equality in our country. By the end of the 1960s, another more violent part of that story came into play.  Nationwide…

A Brief History On October 10, 1580, after a three-day siege, an English army beheaded over 600 Papal soldiers and civilians in Ireland. Digging Deeper In the decades following the religious turmoil brought about by the Protestant Reformation, the various Christian groups of Europe battled each other in wars to either assert their religious independence or to forcibly convert their enemies. One of the most infamous examples of religious violence occurred in the British isles where King Henry VIII founded the Anglican Church primarily to divorce one wife so as to marry another.  Henry’s reign is remembered for his having…

A Brief History On October 9, 1911, an accidental bomb explosion in China lead to the ultimate fall of China’s last imperial dynasty. Digging Deeper By 1911, the Qing or Manchu dynasty had ruled over China for almost 300 years.  During that time period, China experienced numerous internationally embarrassing disasters from its defeat in the Opium Wars to the failed Boxer Rebellion.  1911 would see the proverbial straw that broke the imperial camel’s back. An incident known as the Wuchang Uprising broke out on this day in 1911 by accident.  A revolutionary leader named Sun Wu was accidentally injured by…

A Brief History On October 8, 1918, United States Corporal Alvin C. York killed 28 German soldiers and captured 132 in France’s Argonne Forest during World War I making York one of America’s most decorated soldiers of the war. Digging Deeper Alvin York was born in a log cabin in December 1887.  As a young Christian man, he hoped to avoid serving in World War I as a conscientious objector.  Nevertheless, the U.S. draft did not allow such exemptions at that time.  Early on in his service, York had a crisis of conscience between being a pacifist and a soldier…

A Brief History On October 1, 331 B.C., one of history’s most significant battles occurred: The Battle of Gaugamela in which Alexander the Great dealt a decisive defeat to the then largest empire the world had ever seen (at 3.08 million square miles the Persian Empire even surpassed the Roman Empire’s 2.51 million square miles!).  Yet, modern representations of this key battle that ended the Persian Empire are not entirely accurate… Digging Deeper Also known as the Battle of Arbella, the Battle of Gaugamela was Alexander the Great’s biggest victory.  It is ranked among The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the…

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