A Brief History On August 26, 2014, we ran a list of 10 Extremely Effective Weapons That Don’t Require Gunpowder or Explosives.  This year, we will propose another 10 such weapons that have proven themselves on the battlefield or in self defense against people and animals.  (Note: The order listed has no significance.) Digging Deeper 10. Ram, 1st Use Unknown. Useful against enemy fortifications, this can be a simple log carried by 1 or more people and used to batter down doors, walls, vehicles, ships and anything else in the way.  For centuries, ships were equipped with rams on the…

A Brief History On August 25, 1914, during the opening stages of World War I German soldiers burned the Library of the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium, destroying a treasure of ancient, Medieval, and Renaissance works.  Over 300,000 books were burned, many of them irreplaceable volumes now lost forever.  Thousands of manuscripts of various types were burned, along with 1000 Incunabula (printed works made before 1501, the earliest works printed by machine).  A specific work that was lost was the Easter Island Rongorongo Text E, a wooden tablet etched with glyphs made by Easter Island natives before invasion by…

A Brief History On August 24, 2010, 72 bodies of illegal immigrants were found in a mass grave by Mexican military units that had just ended a shootout with the dreaded drug and crime cartel, Los Zetas.  They had been blindfolded and handcuffed before being shot in the back of the head.  Perhaps the most pervasive of the Mexican criminal gangs and drug-trafficking cartels, Los Zetas are known for their brutality and are quick to use force and terror instead of coercion and bribery. Digging Deeper The unfortunate illegal immigrants came to Mexico from even poorer countries in South and Central…

A Brief History On August 23, 1954, a harmless looking cargo aircraft made its first flight, the C-130 had become airborne.  It would go on to become perhaps the greatest cargo plane in history, still in production over 50 years later!  Despite its fantastic versatility as a troop and cargo transport, airborne laboratory, electronic warfare, weather reconnaissance plane, aerial tanker, fire fighter, search and rescue, paradrops, sensor drops, Special Forces support, and bomber that drops the largest bomb in the US Air Force (the MOAB, Massive Ordnance Air Blast, or colloquially, “Mother of  All Bombs” due to its giant 22,600…

A Brief History On August 22, 1971, Cold War anti-communist zealots FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover and Attorney General of the US John Mitchell announced the arrest of “The Camden 28,” anti-Viet Nam War protesters that had broken into a Camden, New Jersey draft board to destroy documents necessary for the administration of the military draft for that area. Digging Deeper The 28 anti-war activists included priests and former seminarians, and quite a few people that had experienced Catholic high school or college education, and some were involved in the priesthood (2 priests and a minister, plus a Franciscan Brother)…

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