A Brief History
On January 9, 1861, the State of Mississippi seceded from the United States of America, the second of the slave holding states to do so. The states that seceded and formed the Confederate States of America included South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina.
Slave holding states that chose not to secede were Maryland and Delaware. Two other states were split between those that wanted to secede and those that remained loyal to the Union, and actually belonged to BOTH sides during the American Civil War, namely, Kentucky and Missouri.
The Missouri state legislature voted to not secede, but enough Missourians sent delegates to the Confederacy to claim membership, while Kentucky was technically a “neutral” state within the Union, but a plurality of counties in Kentucky voted for secession and sent representatives to the CSA government.
Question for students (and subscribers): Do you think American states have the right to secede? Please let us know in the comments section below this article.
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For more information, please see…
Oneill, Bill and Dwayne Walker. The American Civil War Trivia Book: Interesting American Civil War Stories You Didn’t Know. CreateSpace, 2018.
Savas, Theodore. Brady’s Civil War Journal: Photographing the War 1861–65. Skyhorse, 2022.
The featured image in this article, a map by Kenmayer showing which areas of the United States did and did not allow slavery between January 1861 to February 4 1861, is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
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