2014’s West Africa Ebola Virus Outbreak

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A Brief History

As of August 20, 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reported a total of 2,615 suspected cases and 1,427 deaths (1,528 cases and 844 deaths being laboratory confirmed) in an epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) that is ongoing in West Africa.  The outbreak began in Guinea in December 2013, after which it spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria.

Digging Deeper

Ebola is a rare but deadly virus that causes bleeding inside and outside the body.

As the virus spreads through the body, it damages the immune system and organs. Ultimately, it causes levels of blood-clotting cells to drop, which leads to severe, uncontrollable bleeding.

The disease, also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever or Ebola virus, kills up to 90% of people who are infected.

Ebola is not as contagious as more common viruses like colds, influenza, or measles. It spreads to people by contact with the skin or bodily fluids of an infected animal, like a monkey, chimp, or fruit bat. Then it moves from person to person the same way. Those who care for a sick person or bury someone who has died from the disease often get it.

Other ways to get Ebola include touching contaminated needles or surfaces.

You cannot get Ebola from air, water, or food. A person who has Ebola but has no symptoms canot spread the disease, either.

Early on, Ebola can feel like the flu or other illnesses. Symptoms show up 2 to 21 days after infection and usually include:

  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Joint and muscle aches
  • Sore throat
  • Weakness
  • Stomach pain
  • Lack of appetite

As the disease gets worse, it causes bleeding inside the body, as well as from the eyes, ears, and nose.  Some people will vomit or cough up blood, have bloody diarrhea, and get a rash.

How is Ebola Diagnosed?

Sometimes it is hard to tell if a person has Ebola from the symptoms alone. Doctors may test to rule out other diseases like choral or malaria.

Tests of blood and tissues also can diagnose Ebola.

If you have Ebola, you will be isolated from the public immediately to prevent the spread.

List of Needed Gear to Combat Ebola Outbreak

1. DuPont Tychem Full Body Coverall QC127T YL – L & XL – (May be substituted for any brand that meets the specifications of this item)

2. Gowns – Surgical

3. Gowns – Isolation

4. Underpads – Disposable

5. Lactated Ringer – 1000 ML

6. Malaria Rapid Test

7. Gloves – Examination – All Sizes

8. Gloves – Surgical – All Sizes

9. Infectious Waste Bag – Red

10. Face Mask – Duckbilled

11. Face Masks

12. Face Shields – Reusable

13. Face Shield – Disposable

14. Eye Shields

15. Shoe Covers

16. Aprons – Nylon – Reusable

17. Aprons – Disposable

18. Sanitizer Wipes

19. Sanitizer Towelette

20. Plastic Boots

21. Surgical Caps – Disposable

22. Disinfectant

23. Body Bags – Adult & Children

24. Scrubs (L & XL)

25. Blood Pressure Cuffs – Adult & Children

26. Thermometer – Infrared – Thermofocus

27. Disinfectant Soap

28. Hypodermic Syringe, 10 ml, Luer Slip

29. Syringe, Disposable (without Needle), 10 ml

30. Needles (15G, 21G, 22G, 25G, Butterfly 19G)

31. Catheter – IV 18g, 22g, and 24g

32. Chlorine

33. Oral Rehydration Fluids

34. Infusion Giving Set

35. Sprayer

36. Respirator

Pharmaceuticals Needed to Combat Ebola Outbreak

1.Promethazine Hydrochloride 25 mg

2. Paracetamol 500 mg

3. Paracetamol 100 mg

4. Ceftriaxone 1g

5. Artemether 20 mg

6. Amoxicillin 250 mg

7. Azithromycin, 250 mg

8. Cloxicillin, 250 mg

9. Chlorpromazine (Thorazine) 25 mg

10. Hadol 5mg

11. Hyoscine 10 mg

12. Loperamide 2mg

13. Losec 20 mg

14. Metoclopramide 10 mg

15. Metronidazole 500 mg

16. Omeprazole 20 mg

17. Tramadol 50 mg

18. Vitamin C, Zinc, 240 mg

19. Multivitamin with Iron

20. Vitamin A

21. Povidone/Iodine 500 ml

22. Scissors

23. Bandage

How You Can Help

This article is being posted in solicitation of assistance in providing a donation towards the ongoing efforts to fight against the spread of the Ebola virus in Liberia.

Our organization, Liberian Students Network For Capacity Building, is participating in the collective effort to contain and eradicate the Ebola virus epidemic currently being experienced in Liberia.

As may have already learned by now, the Ebola situation in West Africa is being termed the worst Ebola outbreak in history. Our current situation, according to the World Health Organization reports, has at least 1,201 people having been infected in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, and 672 have died since February 2014. In Liberia over 129 persons have lost their lives to this disease just within the last two months. The disease is spreading  fast and needs to be contained.

Our organization is a non-profit, registered in the Republic of Liberia and established by concerned Liberians in Liberia and the US, for the sole purpose of providing private sector assistance to the Government in its fight against this deadly disease. Our membership is 100% volunteer based. Members of the group have agreed to finance the shipment of a 20-ft container from the USA to Liberia. We are also working with Delta Airlines and DHL to have items shipped immediately at reduced rates or free of charge.

It is in this regard that we humbly solicit your support, through your kind donations, towards this effort.

We look forward to your support in this endeavor as we work together to bring the spread of Ebola in Liberia to a halt. Donations may be made in-kind (preferable) in cash.


We look forward to and thank you for your support.



Leroy Johnson
Executive Director
Liberian Students Network For Capacity Building, LISNECAB
Monrovia, Liberia

Phone number: +231886547441
Email: lisnecabeducationliberia@gmail.com and johnson.leroy21@yahoo.com

Question for students (and subscribers): Have you ever been to West Africa?  Please let us know in the comments section below this article.

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Historical Evidence

For more information, please see…

Shearing Ph.D., Neil.  EBOLA VIRUS: The 2014 Ebola Virus Outbreak And Much More: From The History Of The Ebola Virus To Ebola Symptoms, Vaccine Information And News Of The Current Ebola Outbreak.  2014.


About Author

Leroy Johnson