A Brief History
On February 5, 1985, a war that started in 149 BC was finally put to rest when the Mayor of Rome, Ugo Vetere, went to Tunisia to meet with Chedli Klibi, the Mayor of Carthage, to sign a treaty of peace and friendship, officially ending the Third Punic War 2,131 years after it began.
The Punic Wars, fought between Rome and Carthage for supremacy in the Mediterranean, started in 264 BC and went through three iterations. The conflict started as Rome was on the rise and sought to establish itself as a naval power, trying to eliminate Carthaginian hegemony over Sicily and Sardinia.
Rome won the first round, which lasted 23 years, but the Second Punic War saw Hannibal march into Italy aboard elephants, although Rome eventually won that round as well. The Third Punic War saw Romans sack Carthage in 146 BC, fighting entirely on Carthaginian soil.
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For more information, please see…
Captivating History. The Punic Wars: A Captivating Guide to the First, Second, and Third Punic Wars Between Rome and Carthage, Including the Rise and Fall of Hannibal Barca. Captivating History, 2020.
Smith, R. Bosworth. Rome and Carthage: the Punic Wars 264 B.C. to 146 B.C. LEONAUR, 2017.
The featured image in this article, an illustration of Roman soldiers entering Carthage during the the siege of Carthage in 146 BC, is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus 70 years or fewer. This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published (or registered with the U.S. Copyright Office) before January 1, 1929.
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